Enziwa kanjani amabhodlela engilazi ajwayelekile?Bengingalindele ukuthi inqubo izoba yinkimbinkimbi kangaka

Amabhodlela engilazi angabonakala yonke indawo empilweni.Yenziwe ngengilazi eyenziwe nge-amorphous inorganic non-metallic material.Ingilazi: Into eqinile ebonakala esobala eyenza uhlaka lwenethiwekhi eqhubekayo lapho incibilika.Ngesikhathi senqubo yokupholisa, i-viscosity ikhula kancane kancane futhi iqine ngaphandle kokucwebezela izinto ezingezona ezensimbi.Ukwakheka kwengilazi evamile ye-chemical oxide (Na2O·CaO·6SiO2).
 

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glass bottle

Inqubo yokukhiqiza ibhodlela lengilazi ikakhulukazi ihlanganisa:

 
①Ukucutshungulwa kwangaphambili kwezinto zokusetshenziswa.Gcoba inqwaba yezinto ezisetshenziswayo (isihlabathi sequartz, i-soda ash, i-limestone, i-feldspar, njll.) ukuze womise izinto ezisetshenziswayo ezimanzi, futhi ususe insimbi ezintweni ezingavuthiwe ezine-ayoni ukuze uqinisekise ikhwalithi yengilazi.

② Ukulungiswa kwenqwaba yezinto.

③Ukuncibilika.I-batch yengilazi impahla ishiswa ezingeni lokushisa eliphezulu (1550 ~ 1600 degrees) kuhn yokushisa ithangi noma kuhhavini oshisayo ukuze kwakheke iyunifomu, ingilazi ewuketshezi engenabhamuza ehlangabezana nezidingo zokubunjwa.
 
④Ukwakha.Ingilazi ewuketshezi icutshungulwa ibe yimikhiqizo yomumo odingekayo, njengamapuleti ayisicaba, izitsha ezihlukahlukene, njll., ngokuvamile aziwa ngokuthi amathuluzi abrasive.

⑤ Ukwelashwa kokushisa.Ngokusebenzisa i-annealing, quenching nezinye izinqubo, isizathu esizwakalayo ukuqeda noma ukukhiqiza ingcindezi, ukuhlukaniswa kwesigaba noma i-crystallization ngaphakathi kwengilazi, nokuguqula isimo sesakhiwo sengilazi.Amabhodlela engilazi ngokuvamile anelogo eqinile, futhi ilogo nayo yenziwe ngesimo sesikhunta.Ngokwendlela yokukhiqiza, ukubunjwa kwamabhodlela engilazi kungahlukaniswa ngezinhlobo ezintathu: ukushaywa ngesandla, ukuvuthela ngomshini kanye nokubunjwa kwe-extrusion.Sika futhi uthukuthele ukuze wenze ibhodlela lengilazi.

⑥Ibhodlela lengilazi lishintshe kakhulu izinga lokushisa kanye nokushintsha kwesimo phakathi nenqubo yokubumba, futhi lolu shintsho lushiya ingcindezi yokushisa engilazini.Ukucindezeleka okunjalo okushisayo kuzonciphisa amandla nokuzinza kokushisa komkhiqizo wengilazi.Uma ipholile ngokuqondile, kungenzeka ukuthi iqhume ngokwayo ngesikhathi sokupholisa noma kamuva phakathi nokugcinwa, ukuthuthwa kanye nokusetshenziswa.Ukuze kuqedwe ukwenzeka kokuqhuma okubandayo, umkhiqizo wengilazi kufanele ukhishwe ngemuva kokwakhiwa.I-Annealing iwukugcina izinga lokushisa likubanga elithile lokushisa noma liphole kancane isikhathi esithile ukuze kuqedwe noma kuncishiswe ingcindezi yokushisa engilazini ibe inani elivumelekile.Ngaphezu kwalokho, eminye imikhiqizo yengilazi ingaqiniswa ukuze kwandiswe amandla ayo.Kubandakanya ukuqina ngokomzimba (ukucisha), okusetshenziselwa izibuko eziwugqinsi, ingilazi yedeskithophu, amawindshieldi emoto, njll.;kanye nokuqina kwamakhemikhali (i-ion exchange), esetshenziselwa ingilazi yekhava yewashi, ingilazi yendiza, njll. Umgomo wokuqina ukukhiqiza ukucindezeleka okucindezelayo ebusweni bengilazi ukwandisa amandla ayo.
 
 
Ngaphambi kokukhiqizwa kwamabhodlela ewayini engilazi amahle, kunezinqwaba zesihlabathi se-quartz, i-soda ash, i-limestone, i-borax namanye amaminerali.Ngemuva kwenqubo engenhla, uma kukhona amaphethini anemibala emabhodleleni engilazi, kunezinqubo eziningi, ekuqhumeni kwamabhodlela engilazi.Ngemva kokubumba, ukufutha kanye nokucwebezela, futhi ekugcineni ilebula nokubhaka izimbali, zingapakishwa futhi zithunyelwe kumenzi.Ingabe inqubo yokukhiqiza amabhodlela engilazi isanzima kakhulu, futhi imininingwane ibaluleke kakhulu, ngaphandle kwalokho izothinta kakhulu izinga lamabhodlela engilazi.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Dec-23-2021